Katherine Coleman Goble Johnson
Katherine Coleman Goble Johnson (1918–2020) was a mathematician who contributed to the success of the U.S. space program. Her calculations tracked the orbital mechanics of spaceflights carrying astronauts. Johnson not only executed complex calculations manually but also assisted NASA in its pioneering use of computers for such work. Her 35-year career with NASA and its predecessor, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, was featured in the book and film Hidden Figures.