Grace Murray Hopper
Grace Murray Hopper (1906–1992), a mathematician and United States Navy rear admiral, was a key figure in the development of computer technology. She contributed to the creation of the first commercial electronic computer, known as the Universal Automatic Computer, or UNIVAC 1. Hopper codeveloped “compilers” that allowed humans to program computers using word-like commands instead of mathematical codes. COBOL (COmmon-Business-Oriented Language) was one such early programming language that came from her work and is still in use today.