Mildred S. Dresselhaus
Mildred S. Dresselhaus (1930–2017), a solid-state physicist, helped reveal the mysteries of carbon. Known as “the queen of carbon science,” she conducted pioneering work on the atomic-scale structure of graphite and carbon nanomaterials, including fullerenes. Over more than five decades of research and teaching, Dresselhaus inspired generations of scientists. Her efforts to expand opportunities for women in science and engineering had national impact. Dresselhaus was a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering.