Karen K. Uhlenbeck
Karen K. Uhlenbeck (1942) is a mathematician who pioneered modern geometric analysis, a new field that combines techniques of analysis and differential equations to study geometrical and topological problems. She introduced a rigorous mathematical approach to areas of theoretical physics, including quantum field theory, string theory, and general relativity. Among her other research interests are the calculus of variations, integrable systems, and duality in physics. In 2019, she was the first woman awarded the Abel Prize for extraordinary contributions to mathematics. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences.