Chien-Shiung Wu (1912–1997) was a Chinese American physicist renowned for her expertise in laboratory experiments. Her research on the radioactive beta-decay process and properties of subatomic particles helped elucidate central theories about energy, matter, and the fundamental forces of nature. Wu worked on the Manhattan Project, where she helped develop the process for separating uranium metal into uranium-235 and uranium-238 isotopes by gaseous diffusion. She was a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the first woman elected president of the American Physical Society.
National Academy of Sciences’ Biographical Memoir