Ingrid Daubechies (1954) is a physicist and mathematician often hailed as the godmother of the digital image. Her major mathematical discovery, dubbed the ‘Daubechies wavelet,’ was key to the creation of image-compression algorithms. Her academic work centers on mathematical analysis of signals, data, and images, with many practical applications for television-screen technology and computer graphics. Daubechies and her team have explored applications of mathematics to the conservation of notable works of art, including the Ghent Altarpiece. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering.