Ellen Ochoa (1958) is an electrical engineer, inventor, and former astronaut. In 1993 she became the first Hispanic woman to travel in space when she served on a mission of the space shuttle Discovery. Ochoa subsequently flew three other space missions and served as director of NASA’s Johnson Space Center. She holds three patents as coinventor of optical systems that improved the accuracy of visual imaging. Ochoa’s engineering research at NASA contributed to space exploration using robots. She is also a classical flutist. She is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. She is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.